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Natalia Levchuk

National Academy of Sciences (Ukraine)

Natalia Levchuk is a Chief Researcher at the Ptoukha Institute of Demography and Social Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. She graduated from Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, received her Doctor of Sciences degree from the Institute of Demography and Social Sciences, and had post-doctoral training at the International Max Planck Research School for Demography in Rostock.

PRESENTATION

Abstract

The role of grain procurement in understanding regional variations of 1933 Holodomor losses

Natalia Levchuk

This study is a comparative exploratory analysis of the rural 1933 Holodomor losses and grain procurement distributions at the regional and local levels, thereby determining the extent to which regional differences in Famine-induced mortality can be explained by grain procurements. Holodomor of 1932-33 in Ukraine has been the subject of increasing debates about the magnitude and major causes of the Famine. The highest Famine losses are found in Kyiv and Kharkiv oblasts which are not the prime grain growing regions of Ukraine, raising the question of what factors may have accounted for these unexpected regional patterns. One of the most important factors that is usually associated with Holodomor’s causes is excessive grain procurements imposed by the Stalin regime on peasants. Levchuk’s research suggests that one should distinguish between the famine resulting from grain procurements and the famine resulting from grain procurements coupled with massive repressions and a total non-grain food requisition.